Given that most patients with acute or subacute low back pain improve over time regardless of treatment, clinicians and patients should select nonpharmacologic treatment with superficial heat (moderate-quality evidence), massage, acupuncture, or spinal manipulation (low-quality evidence). If pharmacologic treatment is desired, clinicians and patients should select nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or skeletal muscle relaxants (moderate-quality evidence). (Grade: strong recommendation)
For patients with chronic low back pain, clinicians and patients should initially select nonpharm...
The idea that physical space might contribute to healing has a scientific basis. The first study to tackle this question, published in Science magazine in 1984, showed that when hospital rooms have windows looking out on the natural world, patients heal more rapidly and needed less pain medication (Ananth, 2008). Healing spaces can reduce stress and anxiety, promote health and healing, improve patient and employee safety and satisfaction, and contribute to cost savings.
The primary health benefit from meditation practices appears to be a general shift in the autonomic nervous system that decreases sympathetic tone (fight or flight response) and increases parasympathetic tone (rest, digest, relaxation). As the parasympathetic system (relaxation) is stimulated, heart rate and breathing slow, stress hormones decrease, blood vessels dilate, and digestion is facilitated.
Some of the best-studied areas in which mindfulness has been found to be effective include (NCCAM 2011):
The development and progression of coronary artery disease,
In a descriptive outcome study of 157 patients treated with cranial osteopathy, aged infant to 68 years old, it was found to be effective in a wide variety of conditions including musculoskeletal pain, headache, depression/anxiety, unsettled babies/colic. 70% of paatients on medications decreased or discontinued their medication due to improvement in their general wellbeing or improvement in a related secondary health problem. (Harrison, 2011).
In a more rigorously study, cranial osteopathy has been shown to be effective in fibromyalgia patients. Results showed significant improvement in the treatment group in 13 of 18 tender points (P<0.05), and significant improvements in multiple measurements in heart rate variability at both 2 months and 1 year follow ups after the study. (Castro-Sanchez, 2011)